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The education system in Poland

Before the education reform of 2017, it lasted 6 years and consisted of two stages: early childhood education (grades 1-3) and teaching specific subjects (grades 4-6). From the 2017/2018 school year, the eight-year primary school has been restored and now covers children aged 7 to 15.

Early Care and Education

  1. The nursery covers the age group from 0–3 years. Care in these facilities is payable,  the decision about the child's attendance at the nursery is made by the child's parents or legal guardians.

  2. Kindergarten - covers children aged 3-6 and may be provided in public and non-public kindergartens, pre-school units in primary schools.

  3. Kindergarten - Compulsory school preparation at the age of 5 or 6, kindergarten can be found in kindergartens and primary schools


Primary school

Compulsory primary education consists of students attending an 8-year primary school. Children over 7 years of age and having completed one year of education in kindergarten are subject to compulsory schooling. Primary school education is free of charge and ends with the eighth grade exam.
After primary schools, you can choose which schools you will continue your studies in. 


Secondary education

Secondary education includes:
4-year general secondary school,
5-year technical secondary school,
3-year 1st degree industry school,
A 2-year, second-cycle industry school.

Graduating from the 1st degree trade school allows you to obtain a diploma confirming your professional qualifications. Graduates of a general secondary school, technical secondary school and a second-degree industry school receive a secondary school-leaving examination certificate, and the condition for obtaining it is passing the matriculation examination in 3 compulsory subjects (Polish, mathematics, foreign language). In the case of general secondary school and technical secondary school, the student must also take an exam in an additional subject of his or her choice at the advanced level. The matriculation examination after the second-level industry school includes, in addition to the 3 compulsory subjects, also an examination confirming the professional qualifications of the graduate. A student who graduates from the second-cycle industry school will be able to undertake further education in the chosen field of higher education.

A 3-year school preparing for work enabling students with moderate and severe intellectual disabilities and multiple disabilities to learn.


Post-secondary education

Post-secondary schools are institutions intended for high school graduates. The criterion for admission to post-secondary school is the fact of having secondary education. Education in these schools lasts from 1–2.5 years.


Higher education

Higher education is carried out by those conducting first, second and third cycle studies (bachelor's / engineering, master's, doctoral studies (you can get a diploma after graduating from higher education). There is a full-time and part-time study system. Full-time (full-time) studies at public (state) universities are free of charge.
Types of universities in Poland:

  • universities,

  • technical universities (polytechnic universities),

  • medical and theological universities,

  • technical, agricultural, economic, pedagogical and maritime universities,

  • state-owned theater schools, academies of physical education,

  • universities of state services, military and arts.

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